Penn State’s Best Practices for Water Wells

Pennsylvania is one of two states without statewide standards for the construction of private water wells. Preventing contaminated water supplies protects the health of you and your family, and it is also less expensive and easier than fixing a water quality problem after it has already occurred. Learning about proper well maintenance is your best line of defense against a polluted water source.

Every year, homeowners should do a thorough inspection of their home water well. Keep the area around your well clean and make sure it is always accessible. Limit activities such as use of fertilizers or pesticides near the well. Be aware of local activities that may impact your well water. Complete a visual inspection of your well casing to detect any cracks, holes, or corrosion. Replace a standard well cap with a sanitary well cap to keep out insects, small mammals, and other surface contamination. Check the wiring for the pump to make sure that it is secured in an electric conduit pipe. If you have not taken measures to prevent backflow, contact a plumbing supplier and take advantage of backflow prevention devices that are inexpensive.

Maintaining your well is essential to protecting your family’s health on a day to day basis. However, even with proper annual maintenance, well materials and equipment will eventually need replacement. For preventative maintenance, get your well inspected at least every ten years by a qualified professional. In addition, well record books are a great way to keep track of your well installation, maintenance, inspections, repairs, and water tests.


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